Measures of gluten-related reactivity in children with autism spectrum disorders in the absence of overt gastrointestinal symptoms: a pilot study from the United Arab Emirates

Mohamed Abdel-Maksoud, Dina Aly El-Gabry, Tahani Al Kayoumi, Jamila Alketbi, Duaa Mohamednour, Mohamed Elhassan Elamin, Marri Subhash Reddy, Zain Ali Al Yafei, Emmanuel Stip, Karim Abdel Aziz, Danilo Arnone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The aetiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is multifactorial, sometimes genetic, and may be associated with abnormal immunological responses to peptides from proteins such as gluten. These peptides may cross the blood-brain barrier and affect neurotransmission, resulting in behavioural symptoms consistent with ASD. The aim of this study was to screen for markers of gluten-related immune reactivity in the absence of overt gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with ASD in the United Arab Emirates, a country associated with a high prevalence of ASD but lacking this type of research. Methods: Patients diagnosed with ASD (using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-based criteria and Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedules) were compared with controls, regarding anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) immunoglobulin (Ig) A and anti-deamidated gliadin peptide (DGP) IgA levels. Results: Sixty-six patients with ASD and 101 controls were included. Patients with ASD showed statistically significant lower anti-DGP IgA levels, but no significant difference in anti-tTG IgA levels, versus healthy controls. Correlations between immunological data and clinical symptoms were synergistic, but not statistically significant. Conclusion: ASD may be associated with reduced levels of anti-DGP IgA.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of International Medical Research
Volume48
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • anti-gliadin antibody
  • anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody
  • gluten
  • immunoglobulins
  • neurotransmission
  • opioid excess theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Measures of gluten-related reactivity in children with autism spectrum disorders in the absence of overt gastrointestinal symptoms: a pilot study from the United Arab Emirates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this