The mechanisms responsible for the disruption of the migrating motor complex (MMC) by feeding are not fully understood. Sleep reduces the duration of the postprandial or fed pattern of motility in the intestine. This study was sat out to determine if this effect is associated with sleep-induced changes in the secretion of regulatory peptides in response to food. Methods: Duodenojejunal motility was studied in 15 healthy ambulant subjects for 2 consecutive days. On one day identical solid meals were consumed in the morning and late in the evening, the latter followed by sleep. On the other day, identical liquid meals were infused into the stomach and the duodenum in the morning and late in the evening, the latter after the onset of sleep. Plasma concentrations of gastrin, neurotensin, peptide YY (PYY), pancreatic polypeptide (PP), motilin and glucose were monitored before and after meals. Sleep significantly shortened the duration of the fed pattern after the solid meal and even more so after the liquid meal. The plasma concentrations of all peptides, except motilin, increased significantly following each meal. Blood glucose levels rose after each meal, the changes being similar with all meals. Food-induced gastrointestinal regulatory peptides secretion and intestinal absorption of glucose are not affected by sleep. The vagal response to a meal, as indicated by PP release, is intact during sleep. The results support the importance of neural mechanisms in the modulation of the postprandial pattern of intestinal motility.
- Gastrointestinal regulatory peptides
- Migrating motor complex
- Postprandial motor activity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems