Lesion type analysis of hemodialysis patients who underwent endovascular management for symptomatic central venous disease

Qusai Aljarrah, Mohammed Allouh, Amer H. Hallak, Shamikh E. Alghezawi, Mamoon Al-Omari, Mwaffaq Elheis, Mooath Aljarrah, Sohail Bakkar, Abdelwahab J. Aleshawi, Hussam Aljarrah, Khalid S. Ibrahim, Jan Mohammed Al Shishani, Aws Almukhtar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Central venous lesions (CVLs) can adversely affect hemodialysis access matura-tion and maintenance, which in turn worsen patient morbidity and access circuit patency. In this study, we assessed several clinical variables, patient characteristics, and clinical con-sequences of symptomatic central vein stenosis and obstruction in patients who underwent renal replacement therapy in the form of hemodialysis. Patients and Methods: The medical records of all hemodialysis patients with clinically symptomatic CVLs who underwent digital subtraction angiography treatment at King Abdullah University Hospital between January 2017 and December 2019 were retrieved. Patient characteristics and the clinical and anatomical features of CVLs were analyzed retrospectively. Pearson’s chi-square tests of association were used to identify and assess relationships between patient characteristics and CVLs. Results: The study cohort comprised 66 patients with end-stage renal disease who devel-oped symptomatic central vein stenosis. Of the 66 patients, 56.1% were men, and their mean age was approximately 52 years. Most (62.1%) of the patients were determined to have a history of central catheter insertion into the jugular vein. Hypertension was the most common comorbidity (78.8%, p<0.001), followed by type 2 diabetes mellitus (47.0 %, p<0.01). The incidence of stenosis was found to be significantly higher in the brachioce-phalic vein than in other central veins (43.9%, p<0.001). A repeated central catheter insertion in a patient was predictive of central venous occlusion (p<0.05). Stenotic lesions were found to be associated with a significantly higher success rate than occlusive lesions (91.2%, p<0.01). Conclusion: Multiple central venous catheters (CVCs) are found to be associated with occlusive CVLs and unfavorable recanalization outcomes. Multiple CVC should be avoided by creating a permanent vascular access in a timely fashion for patients with chronic kidney disease and by avoiding the ipsilateral insertion of CVC and AVF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-427
Number of pages9
JournalVascular Health and Risk Management
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Brachiocephalic vein
  • Central line catheterization
  • Central venous lesions
  • Fistula
  • Hemodialysis
  • Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hematology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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