Job accommodations availability and utilization among people with lupus: An examination of workplace activity limitations and work context factors

Ali M. Al Dhanhani, Monique A.M. Gignac, Dorcas E. Beaton, Jiandong Su, Paul R. Fortin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to examine the availability of diverse job accommodations (or flexible working arrangements) and to describe their use among people with systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus), as well as to examine factors associated with the use of job accommodations. Methods A mail survey was sent to adult lupus patients receiving care from a lupus clinic based in Toronto, Canada. The survey assessed demographic information, self-reported disease activity, work history, workplace activity limitations, job strain, and the availability and use of job accommodations. Standard multivariable linear regression analysis was used to examine factors associated with the use of job accommodations. Results We received 362 responses of 604 mailed surveys (60% response rate). Participants who were employed within the last 5 years, but who were not currently working, were less likely than currently employed participants to report having had job accommodations available to them at their last place of employment. The use of job accommodations was reported by 70% of currently employed respondents and by 72% of those not currently employed. The most common job accommodation used was sick leave days. Factors positively associated with the use of job accommodations among those who were employed included higher levels of education, being diagnosed with fibromyalgia, at least 1 episode of short-term work disability, not belonging to a union, greater workplace activity limitations, and greater job strain. Conclusion The use of job accommodations among people with lupus is common. Work context factors, such as workplace activity limitations and job strain, are the main factors associated with the use of job accommodations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1536-1544
Number of pages9
JournalArthritis Care and Research
Volume67
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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