Intestinal Development and Histomorphometry of Broiler Chickens Fed Trichoderma reesei Degraded Date Seed Diets

Salem R. Alyileili, Khaled A. El-Tarabily, Ibrahim E.H. Belal, Wissam H. Ibrahim, Mohsin Sulaiman, Ahmed S. Hussein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study was conducted to investigate the impact of degraded date pits (DDP) on the development and morphology of the intestine in broilers. Trichoderma reesei was used to produce the DDP using a solid-state degradation method. One hundred and eighty broilers were divided into six treatments in triplicate groups of 10 chicks each. The dietary treatments were: positive control with corn-soy basal diet, negative control with corn-soy basal diet + 20% oxytetracycline at 0.05%, corn-soy basal diet + 10% DDP, corn-soy basal diet + 0.2% mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS), corn-soy basal diet + 0.2% mannose and corn-soy basal diet + 0.1% mannose for 6 weeks. The results indicate that a 10% DDP diet increased the activities of the pancreatic enzymes, the villus length, and the villus/crypt ratio, and decreased the crypt depth of the intestine. In conclusion, when compared to oxytetracycline and MOS, DDP can be used as a replacement for antibiotic growth promoters for broilers while improving gut development and intestinal health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number349
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 18 2020

Keywords

  • broilers
  • degraded date pits
  • intestine development
  • pancreatic enzymes
  • villus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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