Inhibition of cell survival, invasion, tumor growth and histone deacetylase activity by the dietary flavonoid luteolin in human epithelioid cancer cells

Samir Attoub, Ahmed H. Hassan, Barbara Vanhoecke, Rabah Iratni, Takashi Takahashi, Anne Marie Gaben, Marc Bracke, Salma Awad, Anne John, Hamda Ahmed Kamalboor, Mahmood Ahmed Al Sultan, Kholoud Arafat, Christian Gespach, Georg Petroianu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phytochemical compounds and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are emerging as a new generation of anticancer agents with limited toxicity in cancer patients. We investigated the impact of luteolin, a dietary flavonoid, on survival, migration, invasion of cancer cells in vitro, and tumor growth in vivo. Luteolin (25-200 μM) decreased the viability of human cancer cell lines originating from the lung (LNM35), colon (HT29), liver (HepG2) and breast (MCF7/6 and MDA-MB231-1833). Luteolin effectively increased the sub-G1 (apoptotic) fraction of cells through caspase-3 and -7 dependent pathways. We provide evidence that luteolin at sub-lethal/non-toxic concentrations inhibited the invasive potential of LNM35, MCF-7/6 and MDA-MB231-1833 cancer cells using Matrigel as well as the chick heart and Oris invasion assays. Moreover, we demonstrate for the first time that luteolin is a potent HDAC inhibitor that potentiates the cytotoxicity of cisplatin in LNM35 cells and decreases the growth of LNM35 tumor xenografts in athymic mice after intraperitoneal injection (20 mg/kg/day for 18 days) Thus, luteolin, in combination with standard anticancer drugs such as cisplatin, may be a promising HDAC inhibitor for the treatment of lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume651
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2011

Keywords

  • Caspase-3
  • Histones H3/H4
  • Invasion
  • Lung and breast cancer
  • Luteolin
  • Viability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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