Impact of COVID-19 on mental health and quality of life: Is there any effect? A crosssectional study of the MENA region

Ayesha S. Al Dhaheri, Mo'Ath F. Bataineh, Maysm N. Mohamad, Abir Ajab, Amina Al Marzouqi, Amjad H. Jarrar, Carla Habib-Mourad, Dima O.Abu Jamous, Habiba I. Ali, Haleama Al Sabbah, Hayder Hasan, Lily Stojanovska, Mona Hashim, Osama A.Abd Elhameed, Reyad R.Shaker Obaid, Samar ElFeky, Sheima T. Saleh, Tareq M. Osaili, Leila Cheikh Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is a major health crisis that has changed the life of millions globally. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of the pandemic on mental health and quality of life among the general population in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. A total of 6142 adults from eighteen countries within the MENA region completed an online questionnaire between May and June 2020. Psychological impact was assessed using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) and the social and family support impact was assessed with questions from the Perceived Support Scale (PSS). The IES-R mean score was 29.3 (SD = 14.8), corresponding to mild stressful impact with 30.9% reporting severe psychological impact. Most participants (45%-62%) felt horrified, apprehensive, or helpless due to COVID-19. Furthermore, over 40% reported increased stress from work and financial matters. Higher IES-R scores were found among females, participants aged 26-35 years, those with lower educational level, and participants residing in the North Africa region (p<0.005). About 42% reported receiving increased support from family members, 40.5% were paying more attention to their mental health, and over 40% reported spending more time resting since the pandemic started. The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with mild psychological impact while it also encouraged some positive impact on family support and mental health awareness among adults in the MENA region. Clinical interventions targeted towards vulnerable groups such as females and younger adults are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0249107
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume16
Issue number3 March
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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