Impact of bariatric surgery on heart failure mortality

Essa M. Aleassa, Zhamak Khorgami, Tammy L. Kindel, Chao Tu, W. H.Wilson Tang, Philip R. Schauer, Stacy A. Brethauer, Ali Aminian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The impact of bariatric surgery on discrete cardiovascular events has not been well characterized. Objectives: To assess the impact of prior bariatric surgery on mortality associated with heart failure (HF) admission. Setting: A retrospective analysis of 2007–2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project—Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Methods: Participants including 2810 patients with a principal discharge diagnosis of HF who also had a history of prior bariatric surgery were identified. These patients were matched 1:5 with patients who had similar principal diagnoses but no history of bariatric surgery (controls). Propensity scores, balanced on baseline characteristics, were used to assemble 2 control groups. Control group-1 included patients with obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥35 kg/m2) only. In control group-2, the BMI was considered as one of the matching criteria in propensity matching. Multivariate regression models were utilized to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of mortality and length of stay (LOS). Results: With well-balanced matching, 33,720 (weighted) patients were included in the analysis. In-hospital mortality rates after HF admission were significantly lower in patients with a history of bariatric surgery compared with control group-1 (0.96% versus 1.86%, OR.52, 95% CI.35–0.77, P =.0013) and control group-2 (0.96% versus 1.86%, OR.52, 95% CI.35–0.77, P =.0011). Furthermore, LOS was shorter in the bariatric surgery group compared with control group-1 (4.8 ± 4.4 versus 5.7 ± 5.7 d, P <.001) and control group-2 (4.8 ± 4.4 versus 5.4 ± 6.3 d, P <.001). Conclusions: Our data suggest that prior bariatric surgery is associated with almost 50% reduction in in-hospital mortality and shorter LOS in patients with HF admission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1189-1196
Number of pages8
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Heart
  • Heart failure
  • Length of hospital stay
  • Mortality
  • National inpatient sample database
  • Obesity
  • Survival
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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