Identification of the genotypes causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in northern Sweden

Stellan Mörner, Pascale Richard, Elsadig Kazzam, Urban Hellman, Bernard Hainque, Ketty Schwartz, Anders Waldenström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a heterogenous disease, with variable genotypic and phenotypic expressions, often caused by mutations in sarcomeric protein genes. The aim of this study was to identify the genotypes and associated phenotypes related to HCM in northern Sweden. In 46 unrelated individuals with familial or sporadic HCM, mutation analysis of eight sarcomeric protein genes was performed; the cardiac β-myosin heavy chain, cardiac myosin-binding protein C, cardiac troponin T, α-tropomyosin, cardiac essential and regulatory myosin light chains, cardiac troponin I and cardiac α-actin. A total of 11 mutations, of which six were novel ones, were found in 13 individuals. Seven mutations were located in the myosin-binding protein C gene, two in the β-myosin heavy chain gene and one in the regulatory myosin light chain and troponin I genes, respectively. This is the first Swedish study, where a population with HCM has been genotyped. Mutations in the cardiac myosin-binding protein C gene were the most common ones found in northern Sweden, whereas mutations in the β-myosin heavy chain gene were less frequent than previously described. There are differences in the phenotypes mediated by these genes characterised by a more late-onset disease for the myosin-binding protein C gene mutations. This should be taken into consideration, when evaluating clinical findings in the diagnosis of the disease, especially in young adults in families with HCM, where penetrance can be expected to be incomplete in the presence of a myosin-binding protein C gene mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-849
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Mutation
  • Sarcomeric proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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