Hydrodynamic evaluation of long term impacts of climate change and coastal effluents in the Arabian Gulf

Abubaker Elhakeem, Walid Elshorbagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comprehensive basin wide hydrodynamic evaluation has been carried out to assess the long term impacts of climate change and coastal effluents on the salinity and seawater temperature of the Arabian Gulf (AG) using Delft3D-Flow model. The long term impacts of climate change scenarios A2 and B1 of the IPCC-AR4 on the AG hydrodynamics were evaluated. Using the current capacity and production rates of coastal desalination, power, and refinery plants, two projection scenarios until the year 2080 with 30. year intervals were developed namely the realistic and the optimistic discharge scenarios. Simulations of the individual climate change scenarios ascertained overall increase of the AG salinity and temperature and decrease of precipitation. The changes varied spatially with different scenarios as per the depth, proximity to exchange with ocean water, flushing, vertical mixing, and flow restriction. The individual tested scenarios of coastal projected discharges showed significant effects but within 10-20. km from the outfalls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-685
Number of pages19
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume101
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Arabian Gulf
  • Climate change
  • Coastal effluents
  • Hydrodynamic evaluation
  • Salinity
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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