Human-animal interaction and the emergence of SARS-CoV-2

Asma Hassani, Gulfaraz Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all sectors of society, from health and economics to socialization and travel. The level and extent of this impact are unprecedented. Although the cause of COVID-19 was quickly identified to be a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), the world was poorly prepared for preventing its spread. One important pillar of preparedness is surveillance of the sources of emerging pathogens and responding appropriately to prevent their spread in the human population. The ever-increasing interaction between humans and animals is one leading factor in facilitating the emergence of new pathogens. In this viewpoint, we discuss the possibility of the zoonotic origin of SARS-CoV-2, highlight the importance of understanding human-animal interaction to improve preparedness for future outbreaks, and outline recommendations for prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere22117
JournalJMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Emergence
  • Human-animal interface
  • Outbreak
  • Pathogen
  • Reservoir
  • SARS-CoV-1
  • Transmission
  • Virus
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Informatics

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