High-speed soliton ejection generated from the scattering of bright solitons by modulated reflectionless potential wells

T. Uthayakumar, L. Al Sakkaf, U. Al Khawaja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate numerically and theoretically the conditions leading to soliton ejection stimulated through the scattering of bright solitons by modulated reflectionless potential wells. Such potential wells allow for the possibility of controlled ejection of solitons with significantly high speeds. At the outset, we describe the scattering setup and characterize the soliton ejection in terms of the different parameters of the system. Then, we formulate a theoretical model revealing the underlying physics of soliton ejection. The model is based on energy and norm exchange between the incident soliton and a stable trapped mode corresponding to an exact solution of the governing nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Remarkably, stationary solitons can lead to high-speed soliton ejection where part of the nonlinear interaction energy transforms to translational kinetic energy of the ejected soliton. Our investigation shows that soliton ejection always occurs whenever the incident soliton norm is greater than that of the trapped mode whereas their energy is almost the same. Once the incident soliton is trapped, the excess in norm turns to an ejected soliton in addition to a small amount of radiation that share translational kinetic energy. We found that higher ejection speeds are obtained with multinode trapped modes that have higher binding energy. Simultaneous two-soliton ejection has been also induced by two solitons scattering with the potential from both of its sides. An ejection speed almost twice as that of single soliton ejection was obtained. Ejection outcome and ejection speed turn out to be sensitive to the relative phase between the two incoming solitons, which suggests a tool for soliton phase interferometry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034203
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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