High prevalence of the cardiovascular risk factors in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates. An emerging health care priority

Latifa Mohammad Baynouna, Anthony D. Revel, Nica J. Nagelkerke, Tariq M. Jaber, Aziz O. Omar, Nader M. Ahmed, Mohammad K. Naziruldeen, Mamdouh F. Al-Sayed, Fuad A. Nour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) cardiovascular mortality is a leading cause of death. Yet, there is a dearth of data on its risk factors. Method: A cross-sectional community based study on established cardiovascular risk factors carried out between February 2004-February 2005 in Al-Ain City, UAE. Subjects were interviewed, blood pressure, weight, height, fasting blood sugar, and lipid profile measured. Framingham risk scores were used for risk assessment. Results: Eight hundred seventeen subjects (403 males and 414 females) completed the survey of these 28.4% had a Framingham risk assessment score of more than 20%, 23.3% had diabetes mellitus, 20.8% hypertension, 37.3% obesity, 22.7% metabolic syndrome, and 19.6% of male smoked. Coronary heart disease was reported in 2.4%. Lipid profiles were abnormal in 64% of the males, and in 53.9% of the females, mostly due to low high-density lipoproteins or high triglycerides levels. Conclusion: The overall cardiovascular risk assessment of the population screened calls for targeted interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1178
Number of pages6
JournalSaudi Medical Journal
Volume29
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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