We have purified two distinct isoforms of mitochondrial cytochrome P-450 from β-naphthoflavone (β-NF)-induced rat liver to >85% homogeneity and characterized their molecular and catalytic properties. One of these isoforms showing an apparent molecular mass of 52 kDa is termed P-450mt1 and the second isoform with 54-kDa molecular mass is termed P-450mt2. Cytochrome P-450mt2 comigrates with similarly induced microsomal P-450c (the major β-NF-inducible form) on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels and cross-reacts with polyclonal antibody monospecific for cytochrome P-450c. Cytochrome P-450mt2, however, represents a distinct molecular species since it failed to react with a monoclonal antibody to P-450c and produced V8 protease fingerprints different from P-450c. Cytochrome P-450mt1, on the other hand, did not show any immunochemical homology with P-450c or P-450mt2 as well as partially purified P-450 from control mitochondria. Electrophoretic comparisons and Western blot analysis show that both P-450mt1 and P-450mt2 are induced forms not present in detectable levels in control liver mitochondria. A distinctive property of mitochondrial P-450mt1 and P-450mt2 was that their catalytic activities could be reconstituted with both NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase as well as mitochondrial specific ferredoxin and ferredoxin reductase electron transfer systems, while P-450c showed exclusive requirement for NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase. Cytochromes P-450mt1 and P-450mt2 were able to metabolize xenobiotics like benzo(α)pyrene and dimethyl benzanthracene at rates only one-tenth with cytochrome P-450c. Furthermore, P-450mt1, P-450mt2, as well as partially purified P-450 from control liver, but not P-450c, showed varying activities for 25- and 26-hydroxylation of cholesterol and 25-hydroxylation of vitamin D3. These results provide evidence for the presence of at least two distinct forms of β-NF-inducible cytochrome P-450 in rat hepatic mitochondria.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology