Healthy lifestyle behaviors are major predictors of mental wellbeing during COVID-19 pandemic confinement: A study on adult Arabs in higher educational institutions

Hashem A. Kilani, Mo'ath F. Bataineh, Ali Al-Nawayseh, Khaled Atiyat, Omar Obeid, Maher M. Abu-Hilal, Taiysir Mansi, Maher Al-Kilani, Mahfoodha Al-Kitani, Majed El-Saleh, Ruba M. Jaber, Ahmad Sweidan, Mawaheb Himsi, Iyad Yousef, Faten Alzeer, Monther Nasrallah, Ayesha S. Al Dhaheri, Abdulsalam Al-Za'abi, Osama Allala, Laila Al-KilaniAsma M. Alhasan, Mohamed Ghieda, Yasir Najah, Saad Alsheekhly, Ahmad Alhaifi, Raghda Shukri, Jamal Al Adwani, Mostafa Waly, Laila Kilani, Leen H. Kilani, Ahmad S. Al Shareef, Areej Kilani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In the past infectious diseases affected the quality of lifestyle during home confinement. The study conducted examines the influence of home confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak on lifestyle, mental wellbeing, nutritional status, and sleeping pattern. Method: An online multicategorical questionnaire was distributed to collect demographic information combined with the following tools: Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), WHO-5 wellbeing score, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). A snowball non-discriminate sampling procedure was conducted to collect data from people attending or working at higher institutions from March 1, 2020 to April 24, 2020. A total of 1723 completed responses (917 males, 37.4 ±13.4 years old and 806 females 32.2 ± 11.5 years old) were collected. Results: The female participants had significantly lower mental health scores than males (53.9% vs. 46.1%). The mental wellbeing scores were higher among participants with medium and high physical activity (PA) levels (p < 0.00). Additionally, the mental wellbeing scores were significantly improved by dietary quality and it's sleeping score (p < 0.001). However, PA was by far the major determinant of the mental health scores. Conclusion: Factors such as PA, diet, and sleeping patterns were associated with mental wellbeing during the COVID-19 confinement among Arab participants.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0243524
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number12 December
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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