Gestational diabetes: A reappraisal of HBA1c as a screening test

Mukesh M. Agarwal, Gurdeep S. Dhatt, John Punnose, Gertrude Koster

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61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Recent technological advances have made HBA1c a more standardized and user-friendly test with wide availability. This study evaluated HBA1c as a screening test for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a high-risk population. Methods. A total of 442 pregnant women were assessed by HBA1c. Two thresholds were used to 'rule in or rule out' GDM, which was confirmed by the 'gold-standard' 75-g OGTT (World Health Organization criteria). Results. Eighty-four (19%) women had GDM while 358 (81%) women were normal; there was a complete overlap of the HBA1c histograms of the two populations. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve of HBA1c to detect GDM was 0.54 (95% CI 0.48-0.61). Using a value of <5.5% to rule out GDM; a sensitivity of 82.1% was achieved, with 15 (16.7%) of 90 women below the threshold being false-negatives (NPV = 83.3%). Using a threshold of HBA1c ≥ 7.5% to rule-in GDM; the specificity was 95.8% with 15 (71.4%) of 21 patients over the threshold being false-positives (PPV = 28.6%). HBA1c would eliminate the need for an OGTT in 25.1% (111/442) of whom 27% (30/111) women would be misclassified. At any HBA1c threshold with an acceptable sensitivity, the false-positive rate remained high making it necessary for too many healthy women to undergo the confirmatory OGTT. Conclusion. Despite all the progress in methodology, HBA1c remains a poor test to screen for GDM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1159-1163
Number of pages5
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume84
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gestational diabetes
  • HBA1c
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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