Susceptibility to and severity of Bordetella pertussis infection in infants and children vary widely. The spectrum of clinical symptoms ranges from subclinical infection to mild disease, severe whooping cough, and death. The aims of this study were to examine genetic susceptibilities of mice to B. pertussis and to identify genetic loci in the mouse genome that are involved in susceptibility to B. pertussis infection. For this purpose we screened two sets of recombinant congenic strains (RCS) of mice, HcB and CcS, for differences in the numbers of bacteria in the lung 7 days after inoculation. For both CcS and in HcB mice, a wide range in numbers of bacteria in the lung was found, suggesting that the course of infection is under multigenic control. From both RCS sets of mice, we selected one strain to identify possible susceptibility loci in F2 hybrid mice. The degree of lung colonization 7 days postinoculation in these F2 mice was evaluated in relation to genetic markers by linkage analysis. We found three novel loci that are involved in the control of B. pertussis infection. One locus, designated B. pertussis susceptibility locus 1 (Bps-1), was identified on chromosome 12. The presence of the C57BL/10 genome on this locus instead of the C3H genome significantly decreased the number of A pertussis bacteria in the lung. Bps-1 has a dominant-positive effect on the clearance of B. pertussis from the lung. The function of most genes in this region is unknown. Two other loci, Bps-2 and Bps-3, showed genetic interaction and are located on chromosomes 5 and 11. We aim to identify the gene(s) in these regions which modify susceptibility to B. pertussis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases