Fundamental Frequency Characteristics of Jordanian Arabic Speakers

Yaser S. Natour, Judith M. Wingate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is the first in a series of investigations designed to test the acoustic characteristics of the normal Arabic voice. The subjects were three hundred normal Jordanian Arabic speakers (100 adult males, 100 adult females, and 100 children). The subjects produced a sustained phonation of the vowel /a:/ and stated their complete names (i.e. first, second, third and surname) using a carrier phrase. The samples were analyzed using the Multi Dimensional Voice Program (MDVP). Fundamental frequency (F0) from the /a:/ and speaking fundamental frequency (SF0) from the sentence were analyzed. Results revealed a significant difference of both F0 and SF0 values among adult Jordanian Arabic-speaking males (F0 = 131.34 Hz ± 18.65, SF0 = 137.45 ± 18.93), females (F0 = 231.13 Hz ± 20.86, SF0 = 230.84 ± 16.50) and children (F0 = 270.93 Hz ± 20.01, SF0 = 278.04 ± 32.07). Comparison with other ethnicities indicated that F0 values of adult Jordanian Arabic-speaking males and females are generally consistent with adult Caucasian and African-American values. However, for Jordanian Arabic-speaking children, a higher trend in F0 values was present than their Western counterparts. SF0 values for adult Jordanian Arabic-speaking males are generally consistent with the adult Caucasian male SF0 values. However, SF0 values of adult Jordanian-speaking females and children were relatively higher than the reported Western values. It is recommended that speech-language pathologists in Arabic-speaking countries, Jordan in specific, utilize the new data provided (F0 and SF0) when evaluating and/or treating Arabic-speaking patients. Due to its cross-linguistic variability, SF0 emerged as a preferred measurement when conducting cross-cultural comparisons of voice features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-566
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Voice
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Acoustic analysis
  • Arabic voice
  • Fundamental frequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN

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