Eye Injuries and Related Risk Factors among Workers in Small-scale Industrial Enterprises

Tahra AlMahmoud, Ismail Elkonaisi, Michal Grivna, Ghuwaya AlNuaimi, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to study eye injuries and their risk factors among workers at small-scale industrial enterprises. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Five hundred workers at small-scale industrial enterprises in Al-Ain City, United Arab Emirates were included. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to collect data by direct interviews during the period of October 2018 through June 2019. The outcome measures included self-reported eye injuries, risk factors, and outcomes in the past 12 months. The study adhered to the guidelines of the Declaration of Helsinki. Results: One-hundred seventy-five (35%) workers reported eye injury, 25 (14.3%) had recurrent injuries. Twenty-five (15%) received treatment for eye injury. Five percent were hospitalized. Workers who had an eye injury were less educated compared with those who did not (p < .0001), received less safety training (p < .0001), had less work experience (p < .0001), used more spectacle correction glasses (p < .0001), and had less usage of the safety eye goggles and safety eyeglasses (p < .0001) compared with those who had no eye injury. Arc welding (76; 43.4%), chipping (25; 14.3%), and drilling (24; 13.7%) were associated with high risk for eye injury. Twenty-eight percent of eye injuries occurred to observers or working assistants. Conclusions: This study has shown a high percentage of eye injury incidents among workers at small-scale industrial enterprises. This was associated with low usage of the safety eye goggles and glasses. Arc welding posed significant risks for eye injury. This information is useful for safety promotion and development of work-related eye injury prevention legislations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-459
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmic Epidemiology
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • arc welding
  • Eye injury
  • industrial workers
  • personal protective eyewear
  • risks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Ophthalmology

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