Experimental and theoretical study on propylene absorption by using PVDF hollow fiber membrane contactors with various membrane structures

Saeid Rajabzadeh, Masaaki Teramoto, Mohamed H. Al-Marzouqi, Eiji Kamio, Yoshikage Ohmukai, Tatsuo Maruyama, Hideto Matsuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five kinds of asymmetric poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) hollow fiber membranes with considerable different porosities at the inner and outer surfaces of the membrane were prepared via thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) method and applied for propylene absorption as gas-liquid membrane contactors. A commercial microporous poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) hollow fiber membrane was also used as a highly hydrophobic membrane. Experiments on the absorption of pure propylene into silver nitrate solutions were performed and the effects of membrane structure, inner diameter, silver nitrate concentration and absorbent liquid flow rate were investigated at 298 K. PVDF membranes prepared by using nitrogen as bore fluid had lower inner surface porosity than the membranes prepared with solvent as bore fluid. Except the membrane with a skin layer at the outer surface, propylene absorption flux was inversely proportional to the inner diameter of the hollow fiber membrane, and propylene absorption rate per fiber was almost the same. Propylene flux increased with increasing the silver nitrate concentration and also with increasing the absorbent flow rate. A mathematical model for pure propylene absorption in a membrane contactor, which assumes that the membrane resistance is negligibly small and the total membrane area is effective for gas absorption, was proposed to simulate propylene absorption rates. Experimental results were satisfactorily simulated by the model except for the membrane having a skin layer. The model also suggested that propylene is absorbed in silver nitrate solutions accompanied by the instantaneous reversible reaction. This paper may be the first experimental and theoretical study on propylene absorption in membrane contactors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-97
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume346
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Hollow fiber membrane contactor
  • Numerical simulation
  • Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)
  • Propylene absorption
  • Silver nitrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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