Experimental and numerical modeling of sulfur plugging in a carbonate oil reservoir

F. Al-Awadhy, I. Kocabas, J. H. Abou-Kassem, M. R. Islam

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many oil and gas reservoirs in the United Arab Emirates produce large amounts of sour gas, mainly in the form of hydrogen sulfide. In addition to creating problems in the production line, wellbore damage is often reported due to the precipitation of elemental sulfur in the vicinity of the wellbore. While there have been several studies performed on the role of solid deposition in a gas reservoir, the role of sulfur deposition in oil reservoirs has not been investigated. This article presents experimental results along with a comprehensive wellbore model that predicts sulfur precipitation as well as plugging. The experiments were conducted in a core (linear) system. Both analytical and numerical modelings were performed in a linear coordinate system. Data for the numerical model was obtained from both test tube and coreflood experiments. By using a phenomenological model, the wellbore plugging was modeled with an excellent match (with experimental results). The crude oil was de-asphalted prior to conducting the experiment in order to isolate the effect of asphaltene plugging. A series of coreflood tests was carried out to observe sulfur precipitation and plugging in a carbonate rock. Significant plugging was observed and was found to be dependent on flow rate and initial sulfur concentration. This information was used in the phenomenological model and can be incorporated in the wellbore numerical model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages3-18
Number of pages16
Volume27
No.1-2
Specialist publicationEnergy Sources
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Numerical model
  • Sulfur precipitation
  • Wellbore plugging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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