Evidence from peptidomic analysis of skin secretions that the red-legged frogs, Rana aurora draytonii and Rana aurora aurora, are distinct species

J. Michael Conlon, Nadia Al-Ghafari, Laurent Coquet, Jérôme Leprince, Thierry Jouenne, Hubert Vaudry, Carlos Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The northern red-legged frog Rana aurora aurora and the California red-legged frog Rana aurora draytonii are traditionally classified together in the same species group. Ten peptides with antimicrobial activity were isolated from norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of R. aurora draytonii and purified to near homogeneity. The peptides were identified as belonging to the ranatuerin-2 family (two peptides), brevinin-1 family (four peptides), temporin family (three peptides), and a novel peptide, RV-23 (RIGVLLARLPKLFSLFKLMGKKV) that has limited structural similarity to the bee venom peptide, melittin. This distribution of peptides contrasts with that found previously in skin secretions from R. aurora aurora collected under the same conditions and at the same time of year (one ranatuerin-2 peptide, two brevinin-1 peptides, and one temporin peptide). The variation in amino acid sequences between corresponding R. aurora draytonii and R. aurora aurora peptides is comparable with the variation in sequences of orthologs from other members of the Amerana group of New World ranid frogs (Rana boylii, Rana muscosa, and Rana luteiventris). It is proposed, therefore, that the red-legged frogs should be regarded as separate species (R. aurora and R. draytonii) within the Amerana group rather than conspecific subspecies. The data emphasize that amino acid sequences of antimicrobial peptides in skin secretions may be used to infer taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships between species of ranid frogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1305-1312
Number of pages8
JournalPeptides
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial peptides
  • Peptidomics
  • Rana aurora
  • Rana draytonii
  • Skin secretions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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