Liquid-storage tanks with circular cross sections are commonly built with a combined vessel consisting of a truncated cone and a superimposed top cylindrical cap. Unlike cylindrical tanks, combined tanks are characterized by the inclination of the walls of the conical segment. As a result, compressive meridional stresses are induced in the shell by the hydrostatic pressure of the contained fluid and the hydrodynamic pressure associated with vertical ground excitation. The current paper aims at identifying the dynamic characteristics of liquid-filled combined tanks subjected to vertical ground excitation. Numerical analysis is conducted based on a coupled finite-boundary element formulation that accounts for the associated fluid-structure interaction. An equivalent model is developed to duplicate forces induced in liquid-filled combined vessels subjected to vertical base excitation. The proposed model accounts for the flexibility of the vessel walls. Meanwhile, the contained fluid is idealized as rigid and flexible components. The proposed equivalent model provides a simplified tool to predict seismically-induced forces in liquid-filled vessels subjected to vertical earthquake excitation.
- Fluid-structure interaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering