Equalization for OFDM over doubly selective channels

Imad Barhumi, Geert Leus, Marc Moonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a time-domain as well as a frequency-domain per-tone equalization for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) over doubly selective channels. We consider the most general case, where the channel delay spread is larger than the cyclic prefix (CP), which results in interblock interference (IBI). IBI in conjunction with the Doppler effect destroys the orthogonality between subcarriers and, hence, results in severe intercarrier interference (ICI). In this paper, we propose a time-varying finite-impulse-response (TV-FIR) time-domain equalizer (TEQ) to restore the orthogonality between subcarriers, and hence to eliminate ICI/IBI. Due to the fact that the TEQ optimizes the performance over all subcarriers in a joint fashion, it has a poor performance. An optimal frequency-domain per-tone equalizer (PTEQ) is then obtained by transferring the TEQ operation to the frequency domain. Through computer simulations, we demonstrate the performance of the proposed equalization techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1445-1458
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basis expansion model (BEM)
  • Doubly selective channels
  • Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)
  • Per-tone equalization (PTEQ)
  • Time-domain equalization (TEQ)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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