Epidemiology of foot injury in a high-income developing country

Ayman M.A. Tadros, Hani O. Eid, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To study the epidemiology of foot injuries and factors predicting their severity in a high-income developing country so as to define prevention priorities. Patients and Methods: All patients admitted to Al-Ain Hospital with foot injury between March 2003 and March 2006 were identified from a prospectively collected Trauma Registry. Injuries were scored using foot and ankle severity scale (FASS). Bilateral, multiple or segmental injuries, open fractures or those with FASS score higher than 3 were included in severe foot injury group and compared with simple foot injury group regarding patients' demography, co-morbidities, trauma mechanism and energy, incident location, number of associated injuries, Injury Severity Score (ISS) and hospital stay using a univariate analysis. A logistic regression model was then used to study factors predicting severity of foot injury. Results: 171 patients (156 males) were studied. The average (range) age was 34 (2-75). 95 had right foot injury, 66 had left, and 10 had both. Fall from height was the most common mechanism. 105 (61%) had work-related injuries. 130 (76%) had isolated foot injury. 151 (88%) had 212 foot fractures. 20 (12%) had soft tissue injuries. 70 (41%) had severe injuries while 101 (59%) had simple ones. The multiple logistic model was highly significant (p = 0.002). Number of associated injuries (p = 0.025) and location of trauma (p = 0.044) were significant while the amount of energy (p = 0.054) showed a strong trend to predict severity. Conclusions: Fall from height is the most common mechanism of foot injury in United Arab Emirates. The number of associated injuries, high-energy trauma, and being work related are predictors of foot injury severity. Prevention priorities include counteractions against falling from height and falling heavy objects as occupational hazards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-140
Number of pages4
JournalInjury
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Foot
  • Fractures
  • Injury severity
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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