Environmental cognitive remediation in schizophrenia: Ethical implications of "smart home" technology

Emmanuel Stip, Vincent Rialle

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In light of the advent of new technologies, we proposed to reexamine certain challenges posed by cognitive remediation and social reintegration (that is, deinstitutionalization) of patients with severe and persistent mental disorders. Method: We reviewed literature on cognition, remediation, smart homes, as well as on objects and utilities, using medical and computer science electronic library and Internet searches. Results: These technologies provide solutions for disabled persons with respect to care delivery, workload reduction, and socialization. Examples include home support, video conferencing, remote monitoring of medical parameters through sensors, teledetection of critical situations (for example, a fall or malaise), measures of daily living activities, and help with tasks of daily living. One of the key concepts unifying all these technologies is the health-smart home. We present the notion of the health-smart home in general and then examine it more specifically in relation to schizophrenia. Conclusion: Management of people with schizophrenia with cognitive deficits who are being rehabilitated in the community can be improved with the use of technology; however, such technology has ethical ramifications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-291
Number of pages11
JournalCanadian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Cognitive remediation
  • Cybernetics
  • Dementia
  • Ethics
  • Mental disorder
  • Rehabilitation
  • Schizophrenia
  • Smart home

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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