Endotoxin and antiendotoxin antibodies in patients with acute pancreatitis

Klaus Buttenschoen, Dieter Berger, Naoki Hiki, Daniela Carli Buttenschoen, Catalin Vasilescu, Fawaz Chikh-Torab, Manuela Seidelmann, Hans G. Beger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To elucidate the time course of endotoxaemia and antiendotoxin antibodies in patients with acute pancreatitis. Design: Prospective clinical study. Setting: University hospital, Germany. Subjects: 25 patients with oedematous (n = 9) or necrotising (n = 16) pancreatitis, and 20 healthy controls. Main outcome measures: Concentrations of endotoxin and immunoglobulins (classes G, M, and A) directed at two lipid A molecules, four lipopolysaccharides, and α-haemolysin of Staphylococcus aureus measurements in plasma during a 12 day period. Results: There were no differences in the degree of endotoxaemia between patients with oedematous and necrotising pancreatitis had significantly higher concentrations of endotoxin than those with oedematous pancreatitis. Concentratons of IgM specific for endotoxin peaked at day 4, and then decreased in patients with oedematous pancreatitis while remaining high for those with necrotising pancreatitis. There was only a slight increase in IgA specific for endotoxin, and IgG and immunoglobulins to α-haemolysin remained steady throughout the observation period. There was strong cross-reactivity (r > 0.7) between IgM specific for endotoxin (70%), but this was less with IgA (52%), and IgG (20%). Conclusions: Necrotising pancreatitis is accompanied by persistent endotoxaemia with an extended rise in antiendotoxin antibodies. Patients with oedematous pancreatitis have a transient endotoxaemia with a temporary increase of Ig specific for endotoxin. Endotoxin stimulates the synthesis of specific antibodies (IgM) despite general immunosuppression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgery
Volume166
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endotoxaemia
  • Immune consequences
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Specific antibodies
  • Translocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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