Effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on action potentials in the sinoatrial node compared with other regions of the rat heart

Chris F. Howarth, R. Al-Sharhan, A. Al-Hammadi, M. A. Qureshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In vivo biotelemetry studies have demonstrated that heart rate (HR) is progressively and rapidly reduced after administration of streptozotocin (STZ) and that the reduction in HR can be partially normalized with insulin replacement. Reductions in HR have also been reported in isolated perfused heart and superfused right atrial preparations suggesting that intrinsic defects in the heart are at least partly responsible for the bradycardia. The regional effects of STZ-induced diabetes mellitus (DM) on action potentials (APs) in the sinoatrial node (SAN), right and left atria and ventricles have been compared in the spontaneously beating Langendorff perfused rat heart 10-12 weeks after treatment. HR was significantly reduced in STZ-induced diabetic rat heart (174 ± 9 BPM) compared to controls (241 ± 12 BPM). The duration of AP repolarization at 50% and 70% from peak AP was significantly prolonged in SAN, right atrium and right ventricle from STZ-induced diabetic rat compared to age-matched controls. In the SAN AP duration (APD) at 50% and 70% were 51.7 ± 2.2 and 59.5 ± 2.3 ms in diabetic rat heart compared to 45.2 ± 1.7 and 50.0 ± 1.6 ms in controls, respectively. In contrast APD at 50% and 70% were not significantly altered in the left atrium and left ventricle. Regional defects in the expression and/or electrophysiology of SAN ion channels, and in particular those involved in AP repolarization, might underlie heart rhythm disturbances in the STZ-induced DM rat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and cellular biochemistry
Volume300
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Action potential
  • Atria
  • Heart rhythm
  • Sinaotrial node
  • Streptozotocin-induced diabetes
  • Ventricles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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