Effects of Pasteurization and High-Pressure Processing of Camel and Bovine Cheese Quality, and Proteolysis Contribution to Camel Cheese Softness

Mustapha Mbye, Huda Mohamed, Tholkappiyan Ramachandran, Fathalla Hamed, Ahlam AlHammadi, Rabih Kamleh, Afaf Kamal Eldin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of high-pressure processing (HPP) compared to thermal treatments on the quality of camel vs. bovine cheeses were studied. The study showed that camel milk has a lower microbial load compared to bovine milk, which is maintained during 7 days' storage of the processed milk. The effect of three HPP treatments (350, 450, and 550 MPa for 5 min at 4°C) and two pasteurization treatments (65°C for 30 min and 75°C for 30 s) on the quality of soft unripened camel and bovine milk cheeses were accessed. The cheeses were evaluated for pH, yield, proximate composition, textural and rheological properties, microstructure, and protein profile by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis. The effects of the treatments on cheese's hardness were different between the camel and bovine cheeses; while heat treatment at 65°C for 30 min gave the hardest bovine milk cheese (1,253 ± 20), HPP treatment at 350 MPa for 5 min gave the highest value for camel milk cheese (519 ± 5) (p < 0.05). The hardness of the cheeses was associated with low yield and moisture content. SDS-PAGE electrophoresis revealed that extensive proteolysis might have contributed to the softness of camel cheeses compared to bovine and suggested the involvement of some residual enzyme activities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number642846
JournalFrontiers in Nutrition
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 17 2021

Keywords

  • bovine milk
  • camel milk
  • cheese quality
  • high pressure processing
  • pasteurization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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