Effects of CO2 enrichment on growth partitioning of Chloris gayana in the arid environment of the UAE

Taoufik Ksiksi, Tarek Youssef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grass species are impacted by increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). Grass species such as rhodesgrass (Chloris gayana) respond in a variety of ways to CO2 enrichment. Some species spend more resources in the above-ground parts while others invest in below root system. The extent of growth responses and growth portioning in C. gayana as affected by increases in CO2 was assessed. Pot trials were set up to compare plant growth parameters (e.g. plant height and number of leaves) between conditions mimicking the ambient (about 350 ppm) and enriched (650 ppm) CO2 concentrations. Plants grown under the high CO2 concentration had significantly higher plant height than those grown under the ambient CO2 concentration for days 8 and 18 and to some extent for day 45. Plants grown under CO2 enrichment, however, had a lower number of leaves than those grown under the ambient CO2 level 28 days into the trial and to some extent on day 31. Overall, plants grown under CO2 enrichment had a lower shoot/root ratio than those grown under ambient CO2 levels. It is believed that biomass (shoots and roots) allocation into reproductive growth was a key phenomenon affecting C. gayana growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalGrassland Science
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Desert
  • Grassland
  • Rhodesgrass
  • Root/shoot ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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