Effects of age, education, and gender on verbal fluency in healthy adult Arabic-speakers in Egypt

Karim Abdel Aziz, Mohamed S. Khater, Tamer Emara, Heba M. Tawfik, Doha Rasheedy, Ahmed S. Mohammedin, Mohammad F. Tolba, Dina Aly El-Gabry, Tarik Qassem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study is to establish the effects of age, gender, and education and to provide preliminary normative data for letter and category fluency tasks in the Egyptian Arabic-speaking population. We evaluated 139 cognitively healthy volunteers aged 20–93 by adapting the letter and category verbal fluency tasks for the Egyptian population. On the letter fluency task, mean number of words generated in one-minute beginning with the Arabic letter “Sheen” (pronounced “sh”) was 8.14 words per minute (SD = 3.25). Letter fluency was significantly influenced by education. On category fluency tasks, mean number of animal names generated in one minute was 14.63 words (SD = 5.28). Category fluency was significantly influenced by age and education. We were able identify that age significantly affects category fluency while education significantly affected both letter and category fluency. We were also able to provide preliminary normative data for both tasks in the Egyptian population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-341
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Neuropsychology:Adult
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 4 2017

Keywords

  • Arabic
  • Egypt
  • category
  • fluency
  • letter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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