Effects of a rapid peer-based HIV/AIDS educational intervention on knowledge and attitudes of high school students in a high-income Arab country

Peter Barss, Michal Grivna, Maria Ganczak, Roos Bernsen, Fatma Al-Maskari, Hussein El Agab, Fatheyah Al-Awadhi, Hamdan Al-Baloushi, Sharina Al-Dhaheri, Jamila Al-Dhahri, Amal Al-Jaberi, Sheikha Al-Kaabi, Aysha Khouri, Hala Al-Kitbi, Dalal Al-Mansoori, Mohamed Al-Marzouqi, Shamma Al-Muhairy, Wadha Al-Neaimi, Ebrahim Al-Shamsi, Abdullah Mohd ZahmiAmnah Ali Yammahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: In response to low knowledge about HIV and intolerant attitudes toward persons living with HIV among Arab university students, a peer-based educational intervention was developed and impact evaluated on knowledge and attitudes of high school students in 2 of 4 main cities of United Arab Emirates. METHODS: Four small teams of final year medical students, 3 female and 1 male, were trained. Multistage random sampling selected 14 female and 5 male Arab schools, then 56 female and 14 male grade 12 classes in Al Ain and Abu Dhabi. The 90-minute intervention included a factual presentation and 3 attitude workshops. Baseline and postintervention knowledge and attitudes were assessed. Significance was tested by McNemar, Wilcoxon signed rank, and multilevel regression tests. RESULTS: Response was 99.6%, 1398 females and 505 males. Misconceptions about modes of transmission and intolerant attitudes were evident. Mean knowledge score improved from 65% to 82% and attitude 51% to 64%, that is, relative increase 26% (P < 0.0005). Females had slightly lower baseline knowledge than males but showed greater improvement in knowledge and attitudes (P < 0.0005) CONCLUSIONS: Grade 12 students' knowledge about HIV/AIDS was inadequate and attitudes stigmatising. Peer-based knowledge workshops were effective, especially among females. Concise integrated teaching and workshops designed to address key knowledge and attitudinal deficiencies can be highly effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-98
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Epidemiology
  • HIV
  • Health promotion
  • Intervention studies
  • Peer group
  • Prevention
  • Sexual behavior
  • Stigma
  • Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of a rapid peer-based HIV/AIDS educational intervention on knowledge and attitudes of high school students in a high-income Arab country'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this