Effect of polymer extrusion temperature on poly(vinylidene fluoride) hollow fiber membranes: Properties and performance used as gas-liquid membrane contactor for CO 2 absorption

Nayef Ghasem, Mohamed Al-Marzouqi, Nihmiya Abdul Rahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) hollow fiber membranes were fabricated via thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) method using 28% PVDF polymer and 72% triacetin solvent. The dope solutions were prepared at four different extrusion temperatures (140 °C, 150 °C, 160 °C and 170 °C). The fabricated membranes were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), mercury porosimeter to measure membrane average pore diameter, gas permeation test was employed to measure membrane effective surface porosity. The separation of carbon dioxide (CO 2) from methane (CH 4) by using a gas-liquid membrane contactor was studied in order to confirm the potential of the process using the fabricated hollow fiber membranes. The experiments were performed in a membrane contactor constructed with the fabricated microporous PVDF hollow fibers. Aqueous sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution was utilized as the liquid absorbent. The effect of the gas flow rate on the CO 2 flux was investigated. It was found that the PVDF membranes exhibited increased pore size, water contact angle, membrane strength, membrane porosity, effective surface porosity with preparation temperature. Counter-current flow mode was employed; the CO 2 flux increased with membrane extrusion temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-103
Number of pages13
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume99
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 8 2012

Keywords

  • CO absorption
  • Extrusion temperature
  • Hollow fiber membranes
  • Membrane absorption
  • PVDF
  • Poly(vinylidene fluoride)
  • TIPS method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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