1. The metabolism of the hepatocarcinogen, N, N-dimethyl-4-aminoazobenzene (DAB) is catalysed by selective forms of cytochrome P-450. DAB metabolism has been studied using microsomes from regenerating rat liver prepared 1, 2, 3, 7 and 10 d after partial hepatectomy. 2. Greatly decreased N-demethylation of DAB was seen during liver regeneration, while virtually no effect on ring-hydroxylation was observed. 3. Glutathione stimulated N-demethylation and ring-hydroxylation of DAB, while metabolism of the corresponding secondary amine N-methyl-4-aminoazobenzene (MAB) was not affected. During regeneration, response to the thiol was depressed in the early stages but later returned to normal. 4. Naphthoflavone (BNF) specifically induced N-demethylation of DAB. Induced activity was not depressed during liver regeneration. Phenobarbital (PB) induced total metabolism, which was depressed during regeneration. This indicates greater stability of BNF-induced cytochrome P-450 compared to control and PB-induced cytochrome P-450. 5. The results indicate that during liver regeneration the metabolism of DAB associated with activation (N-demethylation) is depressed, whereas that associated with detoxication (ring-hydroxylation) is only slightly affected. This confirms the involvement of different forms of cytochrome P-450 in DAB metabolism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis