Effect of compost amendments on disease severity and yield of tomato in conventional and organic production systems

P. A. Abbasi, J. Al-Dahmani, F. Sahin, H. A.J. Hoitink, S. A. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Field trials were conducted over 2 years to assess the effects of compost amendments on disease development in organic and conventional processing tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) production systems. The incidence of anthracnose fruit rot was reduced in organic tomato plots amended with a high rate of composted cannery wastes compared with the incidence in nonamended control plots in 1998 when disease incidence was high. Marketable yield was increased by 33% in compost-amended organic plots. Plots amended with a high compost rate had more ripe fruit than the nonamended control. The incidence of anthracnose and of total disease on fruit was less on the cultivar OH 8245 than on Peto 696. Total fruit yield of OH 8245 but not Peto 696 in organic plots was increased by amendment with composted cannery wastes. In conventional tomato production, composted yard wastes increased disease severity on foliage both years but reduced bacterial spot incidence on fruit in 1997, when disease pressure was high. The incidence of anthracnose was not affected by composted yard wastes. Marketable and total fruit yields of Peto 696 were not increased in compost-amended conventional plots. The plant activator Actigard reduced foliar disease severity and the incidence of bacterial spot and anthracnose on fruit, while increasing yield of marketable fruit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-161
Number of pages6
JournalPlant Disease
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Benzothiadiazole
  • Biological control
  • Compost-induced control of foliar plant diseases
  • Compost-induced systemic resistance
  • Organic soil amendments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of compost amendments on disease severity and yield of tomato in conventional and organic production systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this