Effect of camel milk protein hydrolysates against hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and associated oxidative stress in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats

Bhanu Priya Kilari, Priti Mudgil, Sheikh Azimullah, Nidhi Bansal, Shreesh Ojha, Sajid Maqsood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of camel milk protein hydrolysates (CMPH) at 100, 500 and 1,000 mg/kg of body weight (BW) for 8 wk on hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and associated oxidative stress in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Body weights and fasting blood glucose levels were observed after every week until 8 wk, and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) levels and biochemical parameters were evaluated after 8 wk in blood and serum samples. Antioxidant enzyme activity and lipid peroxidation in the liver were estimated, and histological examination of the liver and pancreatic tissues was also conducted. Results showed that CMPH at 500 mg/kg of BW [camel milk protein hydrolysate, mid-level dosage (CMPH-M)] exhibited potent hypoglycemic activity, as shown in the reduction in fasting blood glucose and OGTT levels. The hypolipidemic effect of CMPH was indicated by normalization of serum lipid levels. Significant improvement in activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase, and reduced glutathione levels were observed, along with the attenuation of malondialdehyde content in groups fed CMPH, especially CMPH-M, was observed. Decreased levels of liver function enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase) in the CMPH-M group was also noted. Histology of liver and pancreatic tissue displayed absence of lipid accumulation in hepatocytes and preservation of β-cells in the CMPH-M group compared with the diabetic control group. This is the first study to report anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effect of CMPH in an animal model system. This study indicates that CMPH can be suggested for its therapeutic benefits for hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, thus validating its use for better management of diabetes and associated comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1304-1317
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume104
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • camel milk
  • diabetes mellitus
  • hypoglycemia
  • protein hydrolysates
  • streptozotocin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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