1. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of phase I mixed-function oxidases (cytochrome P450-dependent) and phase II conjugation (glutathione S-transferase) enzymes in camel liver. This study represents further characterisation of these drug metabolising enzyme systems in camel liver by comparing their catalytic and immunochemical properties with enzymes of rat and mouse liver. 2. Using the specific P450 substrate aniline, the microsomal aniline hydroxylase activity of camel liver was found to be significantly lower than that of rat and mouse. The Km values of the enzyme for aniline was similar in rat and camel liver; however, the Vmax for camel liver enzyme was 50% of the rat liver enzyme. Aminopyrene N-demethylase activity in camel liver, was lower than that of rat but higher than in mouse. Microsomal NADPH cytochrome C-reductase and NADPH-supported lipid peroxidation activities were similar in all three species. 3. The cytosolic phase II conjugation enzyme glutathione S-transferase and glutathione peroxidase activities in camel liver were markedly lower than those of rat and mouse enzymes. However, GSH concentration was similar in all three species. 4. Immunodot blot and Western blot analysis of liver cytosols, using antibodies to specifie GST isoenzymes, have shown that camel liver like mouse and rat, expresses predominantly the Alpha and Mu classes of GST. GST Pi on the other hand, was abundant in mouse liver and was underexpressed in camel and rat liver. 5. Our results demonstrate that there are multiple forms of phase I (P450) and phase II (GST) enzymes in camel liver and that they are comparable with the drug metabolising enzymes of rat and mouse. The lower activties of drug metabolising enzymes in camel liver compared with rat and mouse appear to be related to the differential expression of selective P450 and GST isoenzymes.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C, Comparative|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1993|
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