Distribution of cardiometabolic risk factors in school-aged children with excess body weight in the al ain city, united arab emirates: A cross-sectional study

Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Sania Al-Hamad, Javed Yasin, Elhadi H. Aburawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

(1) Background: This study aimed to examine the distribution of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) in school-aged children with excess body weight (overweight and obese) in Al Ain City, United Arab Emirates and identify the factors associated with increased cardiovascular risk factors between boys and girls. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional survey of children aged 6–17 years was conducted in Al Ain from 1 August 2019 to 31 December 2020. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between excess body weight and CMRF between the groups and reported odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). (3) Results: A total of 966 school-aged children (490 boys and 476 girls) participated in the study, and the mean age of the children was 11.8 ± 2.9 years. The proportions of overweight and obesity were 13.5% and 10.2% in boys and 11.1% and 10.3% in girls. Higher glucose of ≥100 mg/dL (26.4%), triglycerides of ≥150 mg/dL and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol: ≥130 mg/dL (23.2%) were more prevalent in children with excess body weight. These children were at least two times more likely to have higher triglycerides levels, high total cholesterol (≥200 mg/dL) in girls (OR:2.06, 95% CI: 1.01–4.21) and low high-density lipoprotein (<35 mg/dL) in boys (OR: 2.20; 95% CI: 1.12–4.31). (4) Conclusions: Excess body weight in school-aged children was associated with increased CMRF, particularly triglycerides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number884
JournalChildren
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Cardiometabolic
  • Cardiovascular
  • Children
  • Obesity
  • United Arab Emirates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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