Dissociated secretion of islet amyloid polypeptide and insulin in serum- free culture media conditioned by human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines

Feng Wang, Jörgen Larsson, Avni Abdiu, Thomas Gasslander, Per Westermark, Thomas E. Adrian, Johan Permert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conclusion. The cosecretion of insulin and islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is altered when isolated rat pancreatic islets are incubated in culture media conditioned by human pancreatic cancer cells. Background. Pancreatic cancer is usually associated with impaired glucose tolerance. This study investigates the tumor-derived influence on β-cell secretion of pancreatic islets. Methods. Four conditioned media were prepared from two human pancreatic cancer cell lines (Panc-1 and HPAF), a hamster pancreatic cancer cell line (PC-1), and a fibroblast cell line (Ag1523). Isolated rat pancreatic islets were incubated first in the conditioned media or nonconditioned control medium for 24 h, then in the same kind of media containing 100 μM carbamylcholine for 90 min. Insulin and IAPP secretion were measured by radioimmunoassay. Results. Islets in media conditioned by Panc-1 and HPAF cells demonstrated dissociation of insulin and lAPP secretion. During 24-h incubation, the dissociation was expressed as selectively decreased insulin secretion. With addition of 100 μM carbamylcholine, the dissociation was expressed as normal secretion of insulin and hypersecretion of IAPP. As a result, the IAPP/insulin molar ratios were increased in both groups during both time periods. The islets in PC-1 and Ag1523 media did not show any significant changes in insulin and IAPP secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-164
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Pancreatology
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbamylcholine
  • Insulin
  • Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP)
  • Pancreatic carcinoma
  • Pancreatic islet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology
  • Gastroenterology

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