Diesel exhaust particles in lung acutely enhance experimental peripheral thrombosis

Abderrahim Nemmar, Peter H.M. Hoet, David Dinsdale, Jozef Vermylen, Marc F. Hoylaerts, Benoit Nemery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

241 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - Pollution by particulates has consistently been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but a plausible biological basis for this association is lacking. Methods and Results - Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) were instilled into the trachea of hamsters, and blood platelet activation, experimental thrombosis, and lung inflammation were studied. Doses of 5 to 500 μg of DEPs per animal induced neutrophil influx into the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid with elevation of protein and histamine but without lactate dehydrogenase release. The same doses enhanced experimental arterial and venous platelet rich-thrombus formation in vivo. Blood samples taken from hamsters 30 and 60 minutes after instillation of 50 μg of DEPs yielded accelerated aperture closure (ie, platelet activation) ex vivo, when analyzed in the Platelet Function Analyser (PFA-100). The direct addition of as little as 0.5 μg/mL DEPs to untreated hamster blood significantly shortened closure time in vitro. Conclusions - The intratracheal instillation of DEPs leads to lung inflammation as well as a rapid activation of circulating blood platelets. The kinetics of platelet activation are consistent with the reported clinical occurrence of thrombotic complications after exposure to pollutants. Our findings, therefore, provide a plausible explanation for the increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality accompanying urban air pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1202-1208
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume107
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Inflammation
  • Lung
  • Thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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