Development and simulation of sulfur-doped graphene supported platinum with exemplary stability and activity towards oxygen reduction

Drew Higgins, Md Ariful Hoque, Min Ho Seo, Rongyue Wang, Fathy Hassan, Ja Yeon Choi, Mark Pritzker, Aiping Yu, Jiujun Zhang, Zhongwei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

192 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfur-doped graphene (SG) is prepared by a thermal shock/quench anneal process and investigated as a unique Pt nanoparticle support (Pt/SG) for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Particularly, SG is found to induce highly favorable catalyst-support interactions, resulting in excellent half-cell based ORR activity of 139 mA mgPt -1 at 0.9 V vs RHE, significant improvements over commercial Pt/C (121 mA mgPt -1) and Pt-graphene (Pt/G, 101 mA mgPt -1). Pt/SG also demonstrates unprecedented stability, maintaining 87% of its electrochemically active surface area following accelerated degradation testing. Furthermore, a majority of ORR activity is maintained, providing 108 mA mg Pt -1, a remarkable 171% improvement over Pt/C (39.8 mA mgPt -1) and an 89% improvement over Pt/G (57.0 mA mg Pt -1). Computational simulations highlight that the interactions between Pt and graphene are enhanced significantly by sulfur doping, leading to a tethering effect that can explain the outstanding electrochemical stability. Furthermore, sulfur dopants result in a downshift of the platinum d-band center, explaining the excellent ORR activity and rendering SG as a new and highly promising class of catalyst supports for electrochemical energy technologies such as fuel cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4325-4336
Number of pages12
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume24
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 16 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • catalyst
  • electrochemistry
  • fuel cell
  • graphene
  • oxygen reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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