We have investigated the role of pinning density on the properties of the peak effect in the critical current density in superconducting systems. This study was conducted using a series of molecular dynamic simulations on two systems of nanostructures of periodic square arrays of pinning sites with different pining densities. We have found that the peak occurred in both systems only at zero temperature and for specific values of pinning strength. The most interesting result was that in both systems, the peak was found to occur only at nearly 0.5 fraction of the first matching field for all values of pinning strength. The properties of the peak were found to depend mainly on the initial positions of the vortices with respect to the positions of the pinning sites. The critical dipping force at the peak was found to increase linearly with the pinning strength and to have larger values for the system with the smaller density of pinning sites. The dependence of the relative height of the peak on the pinning strength was found be nearly the same in both systems. One-dimensional linear channels of moving vortices along the direction of the driving force were observed at the dip just before the peak.
- Critical current density
- Peak effect
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics