CO2 sequestration using accelerated gas-solid carbonation of pre-treated EAF steel-making bag house dust

Muftah H. El-Naas, Maisa El Gamal, Suhaib Hameedi, Abdel Mohsen O. Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mineral CO2 sequestration is a promising process for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. In this paper, alkaline calcium-rich dust particles collected from bag filters of electric arc furnaces (EAF) for steel making were utilized as a viable raw material for mineral CO2 sequestration. The dust particles were pre-treated through hydration, drying and screening. The pre-treated particles were then subjected to direct gas-solid carbonation reaction in a fluidized-bed reactor. The carbonated products were characterized to determine the overall sequestration capacity and the mineralogical structures. Leaching tests were also performed to measure the extracted minerals from the carbonated dust and evaluate the carbonation process on dust stabilization. The experimental results indicated that CO2 could be sequestered using the pre-treated bag house dust. The maximum sequestration of CO2 was 0.657kg/kg of dust, based on the total calcium content. The highest degree of carbonation achieved was 42.5% and the carbonation efficiency was 69% at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-224
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume156
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bag house dust
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Electric arc furnace
  • Fluidized-bed reactor
  • Gas-solid
  • Leaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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