CO2 enrichment affects eco-physiological growth of maize and alfalfa under different water stress regimes in the UAE

Taoufik Saleh Ksiksi, Shaijal Babu Thru Ppoyil, Abdul Rasheed Palakkott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water stress has been reported to alter morphology and physiology of plants affecting chlorophyll content, stomatal size and density. In this study, drought stress mitigating effects of CO2 enrichment was assessed in greenhouse conditions in the hot climate of UAE. Commercially purchased maize (Zea mays L.) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) were seeded in three different custom-built cage structures, inside a greenhouse. One cage was kept at 1000 ppm CO2, the second at 700 ppm CO2, and the third at ambient greenhouse CO2 environment (i.e. 435 ppm). Three water stress treatments HWS (200 ml per week), MWS (400 ml per week), and CWS (600 ml per week) were given to each cage so that five maize pots and five alfalfa pots in each cage received same water stress treatments. In maize, total chlorophyll content was similar or higher in water stress treatments compared to control for all CO2 concentrations. Stomatal lengths were higher in enriched CO2 environments under water stress. At 700 ppm CO2, stomatal widths decreased as water stress increased from MWS to HWS. At both enriched CO2 environments, stomatal densities decreased compared to ambient CO2 environment. In alfalfa, there was no significant increase in total chlorophyll content under enriched CO2 environments, even though a slight increase was noticed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-259
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Alfalfa
  • CO fertilization
  • Drought stress
  • Maize
  • Stomatal density
  • Total chlorophyll content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science

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