Congruence in Client-Counselor Expectations for Relationship and the Working Alliance

Fatima Al-Darmaki, Dennis M. Kivlighan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    70 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The relationship between congruence in client-counselor expectations for relationship and ratings of working alliance was examined. Participants from 25 counseling dyads completed revised versions of the Psychotherapy Expectancy Inventory (J.I. Berzins, 1971) and the Working Alliance Inventory (A.O. Horvath & L. Greenberg, 1989) after the 3rd session. Correlational analyses revealed that counselor expectations for relationship were related to counselor working alliance ratings and that client expectations for relationship were related to client working alliance ratings. Multiple regression analyses showed that congruence in expectations for relationship was related to most aspects of counselor and client working alliance ratings, after controlling for expectations for relationship. Implications are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)379-384
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
    Volume40
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 1993

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Clinical Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Congruence in Client-Counselor Expectations for Relationship and the Working Alliance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this