Compliance with hand sanitizer quality during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: Assessing the impurities in an ethanol plant

Gabriel Cohen, Nathan Kreutzer, Katie Mowat, Ashraf Aly Hassan, Bruce Dvorak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using alcohol-based disinfectants is an effective method for preventing the spread of COVID-19. However, non-traditional manufacturers of alcohol-based disinfectants, such as ethanol plants, need to undergo additional treatment to curb their impurities to limits set by the Food and Drug Association (FDA) to produce alcohol-based disinfectants. To transform them to disinfectant-grade alcohol, 17 process streams in a dry-mill ethanol plant were analyzed to determine the quality parameters for acetaldehyde, acetal, propanol, methanol, and water, including chemical oxygen demand, total suspended solids, and nutrients. Results suggest that the process stream generated by the distillation column requires further treatment because the acetaldehyde and acetal concentrations are significantly higher than the impurity limit set by the FDA. The addition of a second distillation column could be a potential method for addressing impurities and it will have minimal influence on hazardous air pollutant generation and water use.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113329
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume297
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • Hand sanitizer production
  • Hazardous air pollutants
  • Impurities
  • Process streams
  • SARS-CoV-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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