Comparative study of polypropylene matrix reinforced with date palm fibers & Date Palm Twigs

Ahmad Alawar, Waseem Ahmed, Khalifa Al-Kaabi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A variety of natural fibers have been on research over the past years to develop alternative echo friendly materials that have comparable performance as their synthetic counter parts for use in composite materials. In this study, two different forms of date palm tree fibers were used as reinforcement materials to develop composite materials with polypropylene (PP) matrix. These two different date palm fibers are namely Date palm fiber (DPF) & Date Palm twigs (DPT). These fibers were surface modified using alkali treatment. Two different Percentages of PP (50%, 75%) were mixed with the each type of fibers to form composite pellets using double screw extruder. The mechanical properties of the different fibers reinforced composite, in treated and untreated condition were investigated. The effect of different weight fraction of Polypropylene matrix reinforced DPF or Twigs fiber composite was investigated. The results indicate that untreated DPF-PP composites possess better mechanical properties compared to all untreated & treated DPT-PP composites. Mechanical interlocking between untreated fibers and the matrix showed some increase in the mechanical properties of the untreated DPF-PP compared to the treated one. In both cases, composites having 75% PP has better mechanical properties than the 50%PP composites. This is due to the lack of compatibility between the fibers and the matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMulti-Functional Materials and Structures III
Pages1115-1118
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event3rd International Conference on Multi-Functional Materials and Structures, MFMS 2010 - Jeonju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Sep 14 2010Sep 18 2010

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume123-125
ISSN (Print)1022-6680

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Multi-Functional Materials and Structures, MFMS 2010
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityJeonju
Period9/14/109/18/10

Keywords

  • Date palm fibers
  • Mechanical properties
  • Natural fiber composites
  • Polypropylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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