Compact high volumetric and areal capacity lithium sulfur batteries through rock salt induced nano-architectured sulfur hosts

Matthew Li, Yining Zhang, Fathy Hassan, Wook Ahn, Xiaolei Wang, Wen Wen Liu, Gaopeng Jiang, Zhongwei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tremendous efforts have been put into designing high gravimetric energy density lithium sulfur batteries (LIS) through increasing the areal sulfur loading in the cathode, however little to no attention has been paid to the volumetric energy density of LIS. Due to the low tap density of porous carbon as a common sulfur host, an excessively high electrode thickness per sulfur loading severely decreases the volumetric energy density to the point of little practical use. For the first time, a sulfur host with an engineered polymodal particle size distribution was utilized for compact high areal capacity sulfur electrodes. This material demonstrated the highest reported blade cast volumetric capacity of 495 mA h cm-3 at 5.4 mA h cm-2 while remaining true to traditional blade casting battery manufacturing processes. It demonstrated superior electrochemical activity at 0.1C by delivering capacities of 1010 mA h g-1 at 10.2 mg cm-2 and 1350 mA h g-1 at 4 mg cm-2 with good stability. Furthermore, even with its thin electrode profile of 86 μm at 4 mg cm-2 capacities of 1103 mA h g-1 and 972 mA h g-1 at 0.2C and 0.5C were achieved, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21435-21441
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume5
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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