Chemical absorption of CO2 enhanced by nanoparticles using a membrane contactor: Modeling and simulation

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present work, membrane resistance was estimated and analyzed, and the results showed that total membrane resistance increased sharply when membrane pores were wetted. For further study, a two-dimensional (2D) mathematical model was developed to predict the chemical absorption of CO2 in aqueous methyldiethanolamine (MDEA)-based carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a hollow fiber membrane (HFM) contactor. The membrane was divided into wet and dry regions, and equations were developed and solved using finite element method in COSMOL. The results revealed that the existence of solid nanoparticles enhanced CO2 removal rate. The variables with more significant influence were liquid flow rate and concentration of nanoparticles. Furthermore, there was a good match between experimental and modeling results, with the modeling estimates almost coinciding with experimental data. Solvent enhanced by solid nanoparticles significantly improved the separation performance of the membrane contactor. There was around 20% increase in CO2 removal when 0.5 wt% CNT was added to 5 wt% aqueous MDEA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150
JournalMembranes
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • CO capture
  • Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)
  • Gas absorption
  • Global warming
  • MDEA
  • Membrane wetting
  • Nanofluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation

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