Changing pattern of gene expression is associated with ventricular myocyte dysfunction and altered mechanisms of Ca2+ signalling in young type 2 Zucker diabetic fatty rat heart

F. C. Howarth, M. A. Qureshi, Z. Hassan, L. T. Al Kury, D. Isaev, K. Parekh, S. R.K.D. Yammahi, M. Oz, T. E. Adrian, E. Adeghate

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The association between type 2 diabetes and obesity is very strong, and cardiovascular complications are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to investigate early changes in the pattern of genes encoding cardiac muscle regulatory proteins and associated changes in ventricular myocyte contraction and Ca2+ transport in young (9- to 13-week-old) type 2 Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. The amplitude of myocyte shortening was unaltered; however, time-to-peak shortening and time to half-relaxation of shortening were prolonged in ZDF myocytes (163 ± 5 and 127 ± 7 ms, respectively) compared with age-matched control rats (136 ± 5 and 103 ± 4 ms, respectively). The amplitude of the Ca2+ transient was unaltered; however, time-to-peak Ca2+ transient was prolonged in ZDF myocytes (66.9 ± 2.6 ms) compared with control myocytes (57.6 ± 2.3 ms). The L-type Ca2+ current was reduced, and inactivation was prolonged over a range of test potentials in ZDF myocytes. At 0 mV, the density of L-type Ca2+ current was 1.19 ± 0.28 pA pF-1 in ZDF myocytes compared with 2.42 ± 0.40 pA pF-1 in control myocytes. Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content, release and uptake and myofilament sensitivity to Ca2+ were unaltered in ZDF myocytes compared with control myocytes. Expression of genes encoding various L-type Ca2+ channel proteins (Cacna1c, Cacna1g, Cacna1h and Cacna2d1) and cardiac muscle proteins (Myh7) were upregulated, and genes encoding intracellular Ca2+ transport regulatory proteins (Atp2a2 and Calm1) and some cardiac muscle proteins (Myh6, Myl2, Actc1, Tnni3, Tnn2, and Tnnc1) were downregulated in ZDF heart compared with control heart. A change in the expression of genes encoding myosin heavy chain and L-type Ca2+ channel proteins might partly underlie alterations in the time course of contraction and Ca2+ transients in ventricular myocytes from ZDF rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-337
Number of pages13
JournalExperimental Physiology
Volume96
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Physiology (medical)

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